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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines


Submissions are made exclusively via journal's email address

Manuscript Preparation


Accepted languages are English and French. Authors who are not native speakers are strongly encouraged to have their manuscripts read and corrected by a professional lector before submission. Texts should be grammatically correct and in good literary style.

Article Length

Articles should not exceed 10000 words. Longer papers will be considered for publishing only in exceptional circumstances.


The electronic texts should be submitted in Microsoft Word or Rich Text format - RTF (a PDF may be submitted in addition to the .doc, .docx or .rtf file, not as the only source). Keep the formatting as simple as possible. Do not use tabs. Use space key only to separate words. The text should be in single-column format, typed in Unicode fonts (Times New Roman is preferred). If there are special characters in the text, it is advisable that authors mark them and send the font. Do not use automatic hyphenation.

Cover letter and contribution contents

Contributions attached to the cover letter should contain the following elements: title page, article text with full bibliography, images, captation list.

Contents of title page

  • Article title
  • Author names
  • Authors' affiliation
  • Full postal address of authors’ affiliation and country name
  • E-mail address of each author.
  • Authors whose papers result from projects should specify the title and number of the project.
  • Abstract
  • Key words

Authors should remove all identifying features from the article text to ensure that Authors' identity is not revealed. The Balcanica has adopted a double-blind review policy, where both the referee and author remain anonymous. Authors should cite their own works in a manner that does not make explicit their identity. Remove personal information from MS Word files.


All articles should contain a concise abstract (no more than 300 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone.  


Immediately after the abstract provide 5-10 keywords.


Citation Guidelines 

The Balcanica adheres to the following styles, which are based on the Chicago Manual of Style.

Both Notes and bibliography system and Author-date citation formats are allowed. In-text citations instead of footnotes are accepted for articles in Archaeology / Anthropology / Linguistics / Social Sciences (Hansen 2000, 25).


For Notes and bibliography system, the Balcanica uses footnotes and not endnotes. All references should be given in full at first mention, subsequent references can be abbreviated.

All footnotes should be numbered consecutively. Authors should use automatic numbering for footnotes, using the option References > Footnotes > Insert Footnote in MS Word. When footnote pertains to the whole sentence, notation marks should be placed after the punctuation: abc.1

Page numbers

Use inclusive page references, separated by an en-dash (–):

e.g. 121–124.
and not 121–24.


Quotations not longer than four lines should run with the text. Longer quotations should be formatted as a separate paragraph and they should be indented.

Quotation marks “abc”; Use single quotation marks for quotations within quotations “abcabc’”. For articles in French use Guillemets: « abc ». Ellipses in quotations should be marked with square brackets: [...].

Methods of citation


Books, one author

Notes and bibliography system

First reference, full citation

1 A. J. P. Taylor, The Origins of the Second World War (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books

Ltd, 1974), 100.

Second reference, next footnote, same page number:

2 Ibid.

Second reference, next footnote, different page number:

3 Ibid. 105.

Later reference. Abbreviated citation:

12 Taylor, Origins, 200–201.


Taylor, A. J. P. The Origins of the Second World War. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books Ltd., 1974.


Author-reference method

In-text reference:

(Rostovtzeff I, 1941, 15)


Rostovtzeff, M. I. 1941. The Social & Economic History of the Hellenistic World, 3 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press.


Books, two or three authors

Notes and bibliography system

First reference

1 D. Popović, D. Todić & D. Vojvodić, Dečanska pustinja: Skitovi i kelije manastira Dečana [Summary: The Decani Desert: The Sketae and Kellia of the Monastery of Dečana] (Belgrade: Institute for Balkan Studies, 2011). drugi primer

Second reference

5 Popović, Todić & Vojvodić, Dečanska pustinja, 205.


Popović, D., D. Todić and D. Vojvodić, Dečanska pustinja: Skitovi i kelije manastira Dečana [The Dečani Desert: The Sketae and Kellia of the Monastery of Dečani]. Belgrade: Institute for Balkan Studies, 2011.


Author-reference method

In-text reference:

(Reitz, Scarry & Scudder, eds. 2008, 58)


Reitz, E., C. M. Scarry and S. J. Scudder, eds. 2008. Case Studies in Environmental Archaeology, 2nd ed. New York: Springer Science.


Books, Four or more authors

List all of the authors in the bibliography; in the note, list only the first author, followed by et al.


Notes and bibliography system

1 P. Bellier et al., Paysages de Macédoine : leurs caractères, leur évolution à travers les documents et le récits des voyages (Paris: de Boccard, 1986).


5 Bellier et al., Paysages de Macédoine, 206.


Bellier, P. et al. Paysages de Macédoine : leurs caractères, leur évolution à travers les documents et les récits des voyages. Paris : de Boccard, 1986.


Author-reference method

In-text reference:

(Bellier 1986, 206)


Bellier, P. et al. Paysages de Macédoine : leurs caractères, leur évolution à travers les documents et les récits des voyages. Paris : de Boccard, 1986.


Chapter or other part of a book

Notes and bibliography system

1 M. H. Hansen, “The Hellenic Polis”. In A Comparative Study of Thirty City-State Cultures: An Investigation Conducted by the Copenhagen Polis Centre, ed. Mogens H. Hansen, (Copenhagen: The Royal Danish Academy of Science and Letters 2000), 149.

2 Hansen, The Hellenic Polis, 149.


Author-reference method

In-text reference:

(Hansen 2000, 20)


Hansen, M. H. 2000. “The Hellenic Polis”. In A Comparative Study of Thirty City-State Cultures: An Investigation Conducted by the Copenhagen Polis Centre, ed. Mogens H. Hansen, 141–188. Copenhagen: The Royal Danish Academy of Science and Letters.


Journal Articles

2 S. Marjanović Dušanić, “The Byzantine Apocalyptic Tradition: A Fourteenth-Century Serbian Version of the Apocalypse of Anastasia”, Balcanica XLII (2011), 29.

3 Ibid.

4 Ibid., 27.

15 Marjanović Dušanić, “Byzantine Apocalyptic Tradition”, 30.


Marjanović Dušanić, S. “The Byzantine Apocalyptic Tradition: A Fourteenth-Century Serbian Version of the Apocalypse of Anastasia”. Balcanica XLII (2011), 25–36.


Author-date method

In-text citation:

(Marjanović Dušanić 2011, 29)


Two or three authors

Author-date method

In-text citation:

(Feinman & Garraty 2010, 168)


Feinman, G. M. and C. P. Garraty. 2010. “Preindustrial markets and marketing: Archaeological perspectives”. Annual Review of Anthropology 39, 167–191.


References to Classical Literature

Latin titles are preferred and should conform to the list of abbreviations given in The Oxford Classical Dictionary, 3rd rev. ed. (S. Hornblower and A. Spawforth, eds.), Oxford 2003.


Tac., Ann. 1.1.1.


Collections of ancient inscriptions

Authors should follow L’Anée épigraphique and Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum. In abbreviating journal titles, follow L’Année philologique and/or provide a list of abbreviations following the suggested publications.


Citing electronic resources

Web references

The full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given.


Digital Object Identifier

The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. It is an ideal medium for citing a document, because the assigned DOI never changes.

e.g.: DOI:10.2298/BALC0940075Z



References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary.

In Author-date method, more than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication.

Author 2000a

Author 2000b


Figures should be submitted as separate, consecutively numbered, source files in .tiff, .jpg or .psd formats. The resolution of files should be at least 300 dpi and 600 dpi for line drawings. Please make sure that the quality of the image is suitable for publication. Do not place images in Word file, but only indicate the placement of each illustration [Fig. 1 - about here]. Authors are responsible for obtaining the IPR owner’s permission to use copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet).

Figure Captions and Credits

Provide a list of captions for all illustrations and photographs. Describe the illustration with a concise caption. Cite the full source and acknowledge credit.


Tables should be numbered and identified by number and by title. Tables should be submitted as editable text and not as images. Maximal width of tables should be 12 cm.

Numbers and Chronological References

Numbers from zero to ninety-nine, century numbers (e.g. nineteenth century), round numbers such as one hundred or one thousand, fractions and numbers that begin a sentence should be spelled out. When expressing measurements, the metric system is preferred. For the articles in French: XIXe siècle.

Dates should be written in the following format: 20 December 1916.


Acknowledgements should be placed in a separate section at the end of the article. Do not include them in the text of the article, as a footnote or otherwise.

Review and Publication process

See: Double blind peer review


After the completion of review process and after formatting, a PDF of the article proofs will be sent to authors to check for factual and typographic errors. Authors are responsible for checking the proofs. It is preferable that authors use Comment & Markup toolbar (option > Add note to text) to note their corrections directly on the proofs.


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